Chinese Academy of Governance (previously named China National School of Administration) was born in the surging tide of reform and opening up, and it constantly developed as the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics progressed. It was decided at the Thirteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) in 1987 and at the First Session of the National People’s Congress in1988 to create a national civil service system and establish the ChineseAcademy of Governance. Preparatory work on the academy began in 1988, and it was formally established in 1994.
The CPC Central Committee and the State Council closely followed the construction and development of the Chinese Academy of Governance.
In his congratulatory letter for the ceremony celebrating the completion of construction of the Chinese Academy of Governance and the beginning of classes in October 1996, Comrade Hu Jintao stated, “The Chinese Academy of Governance is an important center for training high- and mid-level state civil servants. I hope that you adhere to the Party’s basic line and principles, draw upon and carry forward its fine tradition of educating cadres, actively explore the laws of educating and training civil servants with Chinese characteristics, and play your proper role in training administrators and policy researchers who have high political quality and professional competence and who meet the needs of carrying out reform, opening up and modernization under the guidance of Comrade Deng Xiaoping’s theory of building socialism with Chinese characteristics.”
The year 2009 was the 60th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China and also the 15th anniversary of the founding of the ChineseAcademy of Governance. Over the past 15 years, buoyed by the attentive solicitude of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, the Chinese Academy of Governance has faithfully carried out its mission, adhered to the correct orientation, served the overall interests of the government’s work, focused on the central tasks of the Party and government, pressed vigorously forward, broke new ground, and played an ever more important role in advancing the cause of the Party and the state.
Chinese Academy of Governance is a ministerial-level institution directly affiliated with the State Council. It is an important body for training high- and mid-level civil servants and high-level administrators and policy researchers; an important center for carrying out scientific research, particularly on the theory of public administration and on innovation in government administration; and an important think tank that provides consultation services to the Party and government on matters of policy.
Its main functions are:
1. Train civil servants at the provincial and ministerial level and at the department and bureau level; train a portion of the reserve force of outstanding young and middle-aged cadres; train civil servants from the Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions on behalf of their governments; and train high- and mid-level civil servants of foreign governments who have come to China for training.
2. Train leaders of major state-owned enterprises, and carry out training programs commissioned by departments and localities.
3. Train state emergency management personnel, carry out consultative research on emergency management policy, and engage in international exchanges and cooperation.
4. In accordance with provisions set forth by the government, gradually develop masters’ and PhD programs in its main fields of work, and accept international students and visiting scholars.
5. Recommend outstanding students to central Party and government agencies, local governments and other pertinent departments.
6. Research important issues concerning the training of civil servants, and participate in formulating the government’s principles and policies concerning the training of civil servants.
7. Compile and translate teaching and reference materials it uses in its training.
8. Undertake scientific research on major issues concerning the work of the Party and government and in areas where education is needed, and make policy suggestions and recommendations to the Central Committee, the State Council and other relevant departments.
9. Provide professional guidance for local academies of governance, and train faculty members of those academies.
10. Carry out exchanges and cooperation with institutes of governance and civil servant management bodies of foreign countries (regions) and relevant international organizations and academic organizations.
11. Undertake any other tasks assigned by the Central Committee and the State Council.